Muscle cramp also know as night cramp or Charley Horse is a powerful painful contraction or tightening of a muscle that comes on suddenly and lasts from a few seconds to several minutes. It often occurs in the legs. Nighttime leg cramps are quite common – I get them sometimes – They often occur just as you are falling asleep or waking up.Below are 11 things you should know about muscle cramps.
1. Leg cramps tend to jolt a person awake in the middle of the night, but can also strike in the daytime during physical activities such as running and cycling.
2. A muscle cramp is when a muscle contracts involuntarily and suddenly.
3. Fitness can put strain on your leg muscles.
4. Muscle cramps generally result from overexertion and dehydration. When you don’t have enough fluid in your system, it leads to an electrolyte imbalance that causes your muscles to cramp up.
5. Cramps may also occur after inactivity, such as sitting too long in one place without moving a muscle. Sometimes you can even get a cramp when you’re just lying in bed.
6. Almost everyone experiences a muscle cramp at some time in their life.
7. Numerous medicines can cause muscle cramps.
8. Most muscle cramps can be stopped if the muscle can be stretched.
9. Muscle cramps can often be prevented by measures such as adequate nutrition and hydration, attention to safety when exercising, and attention to ergonomic factors.
10. Excessive strain placed on leg muscles, such as when exercising, may cause the muscles to cramp at certain times
11. Some muscle cramps may also be the result of a sedentary lifestyle.
How to ease Leg Cramps
Movement – either walking around or simply jiggling or shaking your leg, things like pumping your ankles up and down or rubbing the muscles can equally help.
For chronic leg cramps you can find relief using cool compresses, which work by numbing pain and reducing soreness.
You may also be able to prevent or alleviate muscle cramps in your legs by making simple lifestyle changes. Drinking plenty of water is essential, since cramps are often caused by dehydration.
A healthy diet with plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables can also help to decrease the frequency of leg cramps.
I hope this information helps out.