Spotting is lighter bleeding than the normal menstrual flow. Spotting may sometimes occur normally, perhaps due to one’s age, but it might also be a sign of an infection which might be accompanied by pain during sex, discoloured and foul smelling vaginal discharge, nausea, and fever.
It is important to see your doctor once you notice a flow that is lighter than your normal menstrual flow, because this could mean you need medical attention. As a woman, your health should not be taken for granted. Here are some causes of spotting.
Some sexually transmitted diseases, including gonorrhea, Chlamydia, etc can cause spotting. Most of these diseases can be contracted through anal sex, sexual intercourse, and oral sex.
If these infections are not well treated, it will result in pelvic inflammatory disease. At this stage, it means the infection has reached the reproductive organs through the vagina. This is likely to cause bleeding and spotting
2. Age factor
It is normal for girls between the ages of 10 and 15 who are just menstruating to have an irregular menstrual circle. If you are within this age range, you will notice your period is heavy, light, frequent or extremely light.
Women who are older might also experience the same problem. This is because they are close to menopause and their hormones become unstable. When they are approaching menopause, their period might be lighter, heavier and it can last for a longer or shorter period.
Spotting could be a result of early pregnancy. Some women spot at the same time as their period. During implantation, the egg which has been fertilized causes a deeper hole in the uterine lining which results in spotting.
Women who are overweight or slim can also experience spotting due to the interruption of hormones and this can also lead to amenorrhea, acne, a creamy discharge from the nipples, hair loss and so on.
Women who have cervical or uterine cancer may spot instead of experiencing the normal flow and the symptoms could be frequent urination, weight loss, pains around the pelvic area, constipation, feeling full after eating little.
Physical and mental stress could also result in spotting. Strenuous exercises and diet can also be the cause of spotting. Sometimes, women who are emotionally demoralised can also experience spotting.
At a point in a woman's life, she is likely to develop a thyroid condition and the signs could be irregular menstrual cycle, weight gain, weight loss, infertility, fatigue, and so on.
8. Ovulation problem
Ovulation is known as the release of mature eggs that go into the fallopian tube and it occurs around the 14 - 28 days circle. If the ovulation is interrupted, it makes the menstrual cycle become irregular.
9. Birth control pills
Some birth control pills, including patch, pills, ring, implant ring and so on can also cause spotting.