Scabies is a skin condition caused by an infestation of the human itch mite, known as Sarcoptes Scabies. These mites are not easily seen. They can only be seen under a microscope. They can cause itching and rash to the body. Scabies can be gotten from mites and these mites are usually transmitted from prolonged skin-to-skin contact.
Sexual contact is the most common way scabies is transmitted. This can also happen from parents to children. Scabies mites can only live about 72hours without human contact, but once these mites have contact with a person, they can live up to two months on the skin. Symptoms usually begin three to six weeks after infestation.
A symptom of scabies is itching, which becomes more intense at night. Scabies can appear on any part of the body, especially on the wrists, elbows, armpit, the skin between fingers, toes and around the nails. You can have scabies in places covered with clothes as well. These places include the buttocks, nipples, beltline and penis. Scabies can appear crusted in people with a weak immune system. Scabies can make sleeping difficult, especially at night. So, here are effective treatments for scabies:
1. Tropical cream or lotion
Tropical lotions/creams are administered to patients of scabies to relieve itching and to kill the mite growing on the skin. A tropical cream, like Permethin (Elimite), is directly applied to the skin, from the neck to the feet. You should leave the cream overnight and wash after 8 to 14 hours. Then use the second application a week or two after the first. Creams include Crotamiton (Croatan, Eurax) cream or lotion and benzyl benzoate.
2. Oral medication
This is always the last thing to try and can be administered in cases where scabies have covered a large part of the body and are crusted. Oral ivermectin is now introduced.
This medication is to relieve itching. You might need to get loratadine or diphenhydramine (Benadryl) to control the itching and inability to sleep at night.