There is one very important thing both you and your hubby-to-be need to get done before tying the knot.
Medical check-ups are not only advised but a must-do for a happy and healthy marital life.
To help you prepare better, we’ve picked out the major medical tests you should have before putting a ring on it.
1. Fertility Index
This is a test done to ascertain the fertility of a couple. This is essential as these issues can then be addressed as early as possible without causing the unnecessary biological, psychological, social, and emotional trauma that comes with barrenness.
You should test for both you and your partner because men are liable for up to half of all infertility cases. Fertility tests include seminal analysis, hormonal assay; pelvic ultrasound scans to ascertain the state of the internal reproductive organs.
2. Blood Group Test (Rhesus Factor Test)
It’s important to ascertain the blood group of a potential spouse to avoid issues relating to blood group or rhesus incompatibility.
Your blood group can either be A, B, O, or AB but there’s another component referred to as the Rhesus factor.
The Rhesus factor is either positive or negative. If a Rhesus negative woman marries a Rhesus Positive husband, there is a 50% chance the baby will be rhesus positive.
In this case, if precautions are not taken during pregnancy, this could lead to haemolytic disease of the newborn.
An understanding of both your blood groups will help your doctor prevent Rhesus incompatibility issues during pregnancy.
3. HIV And Other Sexual Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Tests
HIV, hepatitis B and C are conditions that last lifelong and if not properly managed, can strain the marriage.
The knowledge of your partner status helps you protect yourself/seek adequate medical care if your partner turns out to be positive and you also decide to go ahead with the marriage.
Other STDs e.g. gonorrhoea, syphilis, bacterial vaginosis and warts can be treated with proper medical care. This will reduce the risk of infertility and miscarriages.
4. Chronic Medical Conditions
Having a chronic medical condition isn’t the end of the world. Knowledge will only help both of you be better prepared to look out for each other.
Early testing for conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, kidney disease, etc., will enable couples to seek medical assistance early enough and also make the necessary lifestyle changes.
When it comes to your health, it is always good to know as this sets you on a path to making healthy life choices.
The earlier you can do this test the better because it helps to know if you’re a carrier of the sickle cell trait (AS).
A lot of people wait until it’s too late to ask about each other’s genotypes and this leads to unnecessary heartache.
No doubt, it can be weird to ask your partner for their genotype before you officially tie the knot, but asking these questions will put you in a better position to decide what you want.
If two people who are carriers of the sickle cell the trait get married, they could end up having a sickler(SS), and this could make life difficult for both the parents and the child.
6. Mental Health Assessment
With the growing rate of domestic violence-related deaths in the country, it’s important for you to know the mental health status of your intended spouse.
Some mental health conditions can be picked out easily, like autism spectrum disorders and cerebral palsy, while some are hard to make out, like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and some neurodevelopmental disorders.
Mentally unstable people have been found to exhibit violent behaviours. It seems like a difficult thing to ask, but you can and should find a way to discover if your partner has a mental health issue that needs to be addressed. If they do, the sooner they get help, the better.
As it stands, some Arab and Asian countries have made these premarital tests mandatory for all couples.