Lahore (Pakistan) By Waqar Hussain (AFP)
A Pakistan court on Wednesday sentenced four men to death for bludgeoning to death a pregnant woman in the centre of the country’s second-largest city for marrying against her family’s wishes.
A mob of more than two dozen attackers, among them numerous relatives including the victim’s father and brother, battered Farzana Parveen to death with bricks outside the High Court in the eastern city of Lahore in May.
So-called “honour” killings are commonplace in Pakistan but the brutal and brazen nature of the attack on 25-year-old Parveen meant the case made headlines around the world.
“The court today awarded death sentences to four accused — the father, brother, cousin and ex-husband of the victim — for murder and terrorism,” prosecutor Rai Asif Mehmood told AFP.
Mehmood said the sentences were handed down for three counts — murder, terrorism and the killing of an unborn baby — and the court had also fined each defendant 100,000 rupees ($1,000).
The fifth accused in the case, a cousin of Parveen, was sentenced to 13 years’ imprisonment, Mehmood said.
Though Pakistan has the death penalty for several crimes, there has been a de facto moratorium on civilian executions since 2008.
Defence lawyer Mansoor Rehman Afridi said his clients would appeal.
“My clients will appeal against their sentences as we believe that the case had been politicised and the media coverage mounted pressure on us,” Afridi told AFP.
The killing sparked outrage, with the United States branding the incident “heinous” and Pakistan’s Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif demanding action to catch the killers.
Hundreds of women are murdered by their relatives in Pakistan each year on the grounds of defending family “honour”.
The Aurat Foundation, a campaign group that works to improve the lives of women in Pakistan’s conservative and patriarchal society, says more than 3,000 have been killed in such attacks since 2008.
But Pakistan’s blood-money laws allow a victim’s family to forgive the murderer on receipt of a payment, which makes prosecuting so-called “honour” cases difficult because the killer is usually a relative.
Parveen’s killing, in broad daylight in a supposedly relatively liberal city, caused particular outrage as police were present at the scene but apparently did nothing to stop the attack.
Senior officers defended their men, saying the mob was too large to be stopped and trying to play down the killing as a “routine murder”.
In a grisly twist to the case, a few days after Parveen’s death her husband Mohammad Iqbal admitted he had strangled his first wife out of love for Parveen.
He was spared jail for his first wife’s murder because his sons persuaded her family to pardon him under the blood-money laws.
On the day she was attacked Parveen had gone to court to testify in Iqbal’s defence after he was accused by her relatives of kidnapping her and forcing her into marriage.